...for displaced people everywhere

General Policy


Mission: To raise the agenda and prioritize displaced populations concerns through scholastic exchange of research and praxis. 

Scope and Focus:  The JID aims to raise the profile of internally displaced persons by creating a platform whereby, leading scholars, representative of this group and others can disseminate and exchange ideas on contemporary issues as well as mentor young scholars in the field. The JID is an inter-disciplinary platform for discussions, critical dialogue, emerging themes, reflections and explorations on a wide range of topics and regions related to displaced populations around the globe.

To accomplish its aim, The JID has four major objectives:

  • To raise the profile of displaced populations through academic scholarship;
  • To provide a platform for young scholars from internally displaced communities to be heard;
  • To contribute to law and policy reforms related to IDPs; and
  • To create an inclusive academic space where leading and “budding” scholars from resource poor communities can engage in critical debate about displaced populations.

Thematic Volumes:  Central thematic volumes on various topics related to displaced populations characterize the JID publications. In particular, The JID develops special themes targeted at leading scholars and experts with experience in internal displacement, cross-border conflict, war and terrorism, security and territoriality, and international relations (to name but a few). Special thematic volumes include original research, analyses, case reports, perspectives, commentaries, book reviews, symposia pieces, profiles, and debates on diverse topics in theory and practice covering areas on development-induced-displacement, environmental/climate change displacement, economic-driven displacement; war and conflict displacement; political displacement, homelessness and more.

Language: The primary language of The JID is English. However, submissions are accepted and published in French and Spanish.

Trademark:  The JID is the trademark of the Journal of Internal Displacement and reserves the exclusive right to brand the material contained within the site with this trademark.

Publication Cycle: The JID is published bi-annually in January and July.

Subscription & Membership:  The JID supports free and open online access. As such, full PDFs contents are available online with free membership subscription. Print copies of The JID are available for a fee, based on subscription type – for more information visit Subscription.

Major Clients: Libraries, students, international development agencies, government (public) institutions, non-governmental organizations, private sector, academic institutions, researchers, legal institutions, and individuals

Peer Review Process:  The JID is a peer-review Journal as such submissions are double-blinded and subject to an internal and external review process. The peer-review process ensures that articles submitted represent the best scholarship currently available. When an article is submitted to The JID, the Editor-in-Chief sends it out to a minimum of 2 other scholars in the same field (the author's peers) to get their opinion on the quality of the scholarship, its relevance to the field, its appropriateness for the journal, and whether it’s critical analysis in rigorous enough to warrant acceptance for publication). Based on reviewers’ recommendation a manuscript is either: 1) accepted in current form; 2) accepted subject to minor changes; or 3) accepted after significant changes; or 4) rejected. After all pre-publication conditions have been met; submissions are forwarded to the editorial board for final comments, recommendation and approval based on evidences gathered.

Anonymity:  The JID reviews all manuscripts anonymously as such we request that authors remove all identifying information (including your name, affiliation, and acknowledgments) from the manuscript, file name and footnotes. Editors endeavor to remove all identification of authors before circulating the manuscript.

Confidentiality: The JID review process is strictly confidential and should be treated as such by reviewers. Because the author may have chosen to exclude some people from this process, no one directly involve with the manuscript, including colleagues or other experts in the field, should be consulted by the reviewer unless such consultations have first been discussed with the professional editor.

Privacy and Copyright:  The names and email addresses entered on The JID website or other documents are used exclusively for the stated purposes of The JID and are not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

Authors who publish with JID agree to the following terms:

  1. Authors retain copyright and grant the Journal the right of first publication with the work six (6) weeks after publication. Simultaneously licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution Licence allows others to share the work with an acknowledgment of the work’s authorship and initial publication in The JID. For more details, download JID Open Access License.

  1. Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal’s published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal.

  1. Authors are permitted and encouraged to post their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) after publication with the JID as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.

  1. Although authors (or their institutions) retain copyright in their work, they are required to complete and sign a License to Publish that clearly specifies the rights required by The JID and those rights that are retained by authors or their institutions. View JID License to Publish.

  1. Authors submitting material to The JID for publication must clear all third party intellectual property rights and obtain formal permission from their respective institutions, where necessary. 

  1. Authors must also warrant that their work: 
  • Has not been published before
  • Is not presently being considered for publication elsewhere
  • Does not violate any intellectual property right of any person or entity
  • Does not contain any subject matter that contravenes any laws (including defamatory material and misleading and deceptive material) and
  • Meets ethical research standards.

A scanned copy of the License to Publish should be emailed to internaldisplacement [at] gmail [dot] com with the final manuscript or returned.

Right to Authorship: The JID fully understands that sometimes right to authorship (senior or first) can be difficult to resolve. It is always a good idea to discuss authorship early in your working relationship. In the event of a dispute about who is entitled to be credited as a first author, co-author, and/or in what order the author credits should appear, consult the guidelines below: 

Co-Authorship: The fact that a co-worker is not named as an investigator in a grant or contract under which the work was performed should not prevent him or her from receiving credit as a co-author. However, a prerequisite of co-authorship is work that involves an original contribution, as defined by that discipline. The right to co-authorship may be lost if a co-worker leaves the project or does not contribute substantially to the work. Although acknowledgment may be appropriate in such circumstances, co-authorship rights cannot be assumed.

In a regular academic/research institution, the supervisor, in consultation with his or her co-authors, will make the decision as to when or whether a co-authored manuscript should be submitted for publication and to which journal. A student considering publication of his or her own paper also has a responsibility to consider the intellectual property and co-authorship rights of any others who may have been involved in the research. You should not be added as an author on a paper without your permission. Similarly, you should obtain permission from others before acknowledging as them co-authors of a work.

Joint Authorship or Inventorship: The criteria defining joint authorship vary among disciplines. The narrowest definition comes from copyright law and applies to collaborations in literary and artistic works in some of the humanities. Under general Copyright Law a joint author is someone who has collaborated on a work in which the contributions of the various authors are not distinct from one another. In this model, only contributors to the form or expression of the work qualify; those supplying ideas normally do not.

If each person’s contribution is distinct (e.g. contributors of entries to an encyclopedia), the work is a “collective work” and each author has copyright in his or her individual contribution. However in the physical and life sciences, and increasingly in the social sciences and humanities, collaboration and teamwork are common, and an individual’s research may be guided by a team or committee. Contributors to the original ideas in a project are typically given the right of joint authorship of publications that report on the results of the research.

As a general guideline, co-authorship should be recognized only where the individuals have participated in a significant way in at least two of the following aspects of the research: 

  • conception of idea and design of research or scholarly inquiry
  • actual collection of data collection, experiment or hands-on laboratory work
  • analysis and interpretation of data, and/or actual writing of the manuscript

Ownership of Data: You, your supervisor, and your collaborators should have unrestricted access to all data collected through your collaborative research. Entitlement to ownership of primary data, software, and other products of research can vary according to the circumstances under which research is conducted.

A shared understanding about ownership should be reached among the individuals involved, especially between you and your supervisor, before research starts.

Research data are usually jointly owned by the researcher(s) and the university or institution, which means that both have the right to use the data. If the funding for the research project comes from a sponsor who has been given rights to the data (for example, when the funding is in the form of a research contract), then the sponsor also must be taken into consideration.

The original physical material on which the data and results are recorded is usually the property of your university/institution depending on the nature of your affiliation. You are entitled to retain and use copies of data that you have collected. This depends somewhat on the conventions of your particular department.

Competing Interest/Conflict of Interest: As far as possible we respect requests by authors to exclude reviewers whom they consider to be unsuitable. We also, as much as possible, try to rule out those reviewers who may have an obvious competing interest, such as those who may have been collaborators on other projects with the authors of the manuscript under review, those who may be direct competitors, those who may have a known history of antipathy with the author(s), or those who might profit financially from the work. Because it is not possible for all such competing interests to be known by a particular editor, we request that reviewers who recognize a potential competing interest inform the editors or journal staff and recuse themselves if they feel that are unable to offer an impartial review. When submitting your review you must indicate whether or not you have any competing interests. On occasion, reviewers may be asked to offer their opinion on a manuscript that they may have reviewed for some other journal. This is not in itself a competing interest. That two journals have identified the same person as especially well qualified to judge the manuscript under consideration does not in any way decrease the validity of that opinion and may perhaps even enhance it.

Ethics Clearance and Approval: All articles published in The JID aims to follow morally acceptable standards set forth in the World Medical Association's Declaration of Helsinki and the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). To achieve this, The JID promotes research integrity by accepting and publishing manuscripts that include intellectual honesty, accuracy, fairness, intellectual property, and protection of human and animal subjects involved in the conduct of research.  Responsibilities for research integrity are shared by individual researchers and the institutions.

All proposed research with human participants should consider ethical clearance at both the application and implementation stages.  Ethical clearance for involvement of human subjects in your research should be sought prior to any research work being undertaken, including pilot studies, focus groups or other. Collaborative research projects involving other researching institutions will often require the ethical approval of all participating institutions, and can be quite time consuming.

The JID aims to ensure that all articles published in the JID report on work that is morally acceptable, and expects authors to follow the World Medical Association's Declaration of Helsinki. To achieve this, we aim to appraise the ethical aspects of any submitted work that involves human participants, whatever descriptive label is given to that work including research, audit, and sometimes debate. This policy also applies on the very rare occasions that we publish work done with animal participants.

Many people consider that studies referred to as audit do not need any consideration of ethics, whereas all research must be approved by a formally constituted research ethics committee or, in the USA and elsewhere, an institutional review board. But the distinction between audit and research is unclear, and the assumption that audit or analysing previously collected data is never unethical may not be justified. Furthermore, review by an ethics committee cannot necessarily guarantee that work is morally sound.

For these reasons journals have a duty to consider the ethical aspects of both submitted and published work. The JID’s policy on these issues has been developed with the help and advice of the JID’s Advisory Board and its key elements are explained here. However, editorial appraisal of a study’s ethics is not always easy because the standard format for presenting original papers does not emphasise the reporting of ethical aspects of research.

We require every research article submitted to The JID to include a statement that the study obtained ethics approval (or a statement that it was not required), including the name of the ethics committee(s) or institutional review board(s), the number/ID of the approval(s), and a statement that participants gave informed consent before taking part.

In addition, we welcome detailed explanations of how investigators and authors have considered and justified the ethical and moral basis of their work. If such detail does not easily fit into the manuscript, please provide it in the covering letter or upload it as a supplemental file when submitting the article. We will also be pleased to see copies of explanatory information given to participants. Even if we do not include such detailed information in a final published version, we may make it available to peer reviewers and editorial committees. We already ask peer reviewers to consider and comment on the ethics of submitted work.

Editorial appraisal of ethical issues goes beyond simply deciding whether participants in a study gave informed consent although this is, of course, one very important issue to consider. Editors should judge whether the overall design and conduct of each piece of work is morally justifiable, as summed up by the following questions:

  • How much does this deviate from current normal (accepted, local) research practice?
  • What is the (additional) burden imposed on the research participants (or others)?
  • What (additional) risks are posed to the research participants (or others)?
  • What benefit might accrue to the research participants (or others)?
  • What are the potential benefits to society (future research participants)?

Even when a study has been approved by a research ethics committee or institutional review board, editors may be worried about the ethics of the work. Editors may then ask authors for more detailed information and ask them how they justified the ethical and moral basis of the work. Editors may also ask authors to provide the contact details of the research ethics committee that reviewed the work, so that The JID can request further information and justification from that committee. For studies that have not been reviewed by research ethics committees or institutional review boards editors may ask authors to explain what ethical issues they considered and how they justified their work.

Editors may ask other editorial colleagues to evaluate the ethical aspects of an article, the authors’ comments, and the response of the relevant research ethics committee to The JID’s queries about ethics approval. This consultation may be informal, between The JID’s editors, or more formal, through seeking the advice of The JID’s Advisory Board or the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE). Problems referred to COPE or The JID’s Advisory Board will be considered as anonymised summaries of the relevant articles, written by the editors concerned.

What happens when The JID considers a study to be unethical? We believe that editors have a duty to take on issues of unethical audit or research, not to seek punishment for the authors, but to prevent unethical practice and to protect patients. If The JID, with or without the advice of its ethics committee and/or COPE, considers the work in a submitted article to be ethically unsound the editor may seek further advice or recommend investigation or action. The fact that the article would have been rejected anyway for other scientific or editorial reasons would not prevent the editor from taking such further action on serious ethics problems.

In the first instance, the editor would usually contact the head of the department where the work was done to explain The JID’s concerns and recommend a local investigation. Secondly, the editor might write to the professional registration body of the paper’s guarantor or principal investigator.

In rare instances, The JID might publish an article despite ethics problems in the work it reported. The usual reason would be that work done in one setting might not reach the ethical standard of work done in another setting, because of differing local resources and standards for research with human participants. In deciding to publish such an article, we would consider carefully the context of the study and aim to balance the overall benefit to society against the possible harm to the research participants.

Timely Review: The JID believes that an efficient editorial process that results in timely publication provides a valuable service both to authors and to the community at large. It takes 6-8 weeks to peer-review submissions. We therefore request that reviewers respond promptly, usually within 14-21 days of receipt of a manuscript. If reviewers need more time, we request that they contact us promptly so that we can keep the authors informed and, if necessary, assign alternate reviewers.

Empirical Data Replication: Empirical data is produced by experiment or observation. If authors are submitted material needed for replication including data sets and other programs, they should be submitted in one of the following formats: electronic, CD-ROM, and/or web link.

Manuscript Word Limit: Authors are required to submit full, complete and original article that are no more than 7,000 words long (24 pages or 35,000 character), single space, Times New Roman, 12-point font size, 1-inch margins around.  In rare cases, manuscripts shorter than 7,000 words or longer than 35,000 words may be accepted for publication.

How to Submit: All submissions to The JID are done electronically. As a general practice, JID does not accept unsolicited submissions. All manuscripts should be emailed to internaldisplacement [at] gmail [dot] com. 

Download JID Policy Manual 

Handling Complaints: If The JID receives a complaint that any contribution to The JID infringes copyright or other intellectual property rights or contains material inaccuracies, libelous materials or otherwise unlawful materials, The JID will investigate the complaint. Investigation may include a request that the parties involved substantiate their claims. The JID will make a good faith determination whether to remove the allegedly wrongful material. A decision not to remove material should represent The JID's belief that the complaint is without sufficient foundation, or if well‐founded, that a legal defense or exemption may apply, such as fair use in the case of copyright infringement or truthfulness of a statement in the case of libel. Investigation and decision will be documented and filed by The JID for future reference.